Original Research

The impact of rural–urban migration in South Africa: A case of KwaDukuza municipality

Douglas B. Mthiyane, Henry Wissink, Nyashadzashe Chiwawa
Journal of Local Government Research and Innovation | Vol 3 | a56 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jolgri.v3i0.56 | © 2022 Douglas B. Mthiyane, Henry Wissink, Nyashadzashe Chiwawa | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 January 2022 | Published: 15 December 2022

About the author(s)

Douglas B. Mthiyane, Department of Public Governance, School of Management, IT and Governance, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Henry Wissink, Department of Public Governance, School of Management, IT and Governance, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Nyashadzashe Chiwawa, Department of Public Governance, School of Management, IT and Governance, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: The influx of people to urban areas has strained government resources, increased population-growth and increased housing infrastructure challenges. The government has been slow react in addressing the problems and as a result, crippling the service delivery.

Aim: This study aimed to assess the negative impact of rural-urban migration in KwaDukuza municipality to improve the living conditions that have been compromised by rural-urban migration.

Methods: The researcher followed the qualitative method of enquiry and the main methods used in data collection were semi-structured interviews. Sampling was done conveniently and purposively. Data was analysed thematically.

Results: The high rate of population growth in Ilembe District Municipality is due to the lack of sound economic opportunities in the rural areas. The neglect in regard to the provision of basic infrastructure in the rural areas has also resulted in high rural-urban migration. Rural economic hubs can create rural economic activities and assist in managing rural-urban migration.

Conclusion: South Africa continues to see a rise in rural-urban migration due to a lack of suitable and sufficient investment in rural development. Regrettably, due to the country’s economic imbalance, the urban influx of individuals looking for better economic opportunities and employment keep increasing. The study recognises the need of managing rural-urban mobility, which poses a substantial danger to rural development as well as burden on urban infrastructure.

Contribution: The study informs the policy makers on labour market adjustment and structural transformation, possibly resulting in economic implications in terms of growth and aggregate welfare of citizens.


Keywords

rural–urban migration; negative impacts; underdevelopment; urbanisation; South Africa

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